As an employer, you likely seek out solutions that combine time and cost-efficiency, plus convenience. It’s also key to make sure that all of your internal processes follow applicable laws — especially when it comes to your workplace drug testing.
If you have a drug testing program in place, you’ve probably heard of instant drug tests that seem ideal for pre-employment, reasonable suspicion, post-accident, and random drug testing. But did you know that instant tests actually run the risk of weeding out people who are not abusing drugs?
At ARCpoint Labs of Kansas City North, we advocate the use of instant drug tests as screening tools to be used in conjunction with further testing when necessary. Here’s why we see instant drug tests as instant drug screens.
Instant Drug Tests: Why They Should Only Be Used As Screens
As recently as 2010, instant drug tests produced false positives in 5 – 10% of cases. This means that if you only rely on an instant drug test, you could be turning away perfectly good applicants or employees based on incorrect information. A variety of substances can cause an applicant or employee to fail these instant drug screens, including:
- 1 tsp of poppy seeds. Yes, that poppy seed bagel could cause you to fail your instant drug test by showing up positive for opioid abuse. The chemicals from the poppy seeds can stay in your system for 2-3 days.
- Certain cold medications, antidepressants, and pain relievers. The medicine you take for your runny nose might trigger a false positive for amphetamines, along with certain antidepressants. Other antidepressants and painkillers can show false positives for benzodiazepine addiction. Ibuprofen use can lead to false positives for marijuana, benzodiazepines, or barbiturates.
- Antibiotics. Are you on medication for an infection? If so, you might see false positive instant drug test results for opiods or marijuana use.
- Diet pills or sleep aids. Taking a pill to aid in weight loss can translate to a false positive for amphetamines, while your sleep aids can show up as barbiturates.
False positives are bad enough — but instant drug screens also have instances of false negatives in 10 – 15% of cases! In particular, prescription drugs like OxyContin and Percocet and opiods like methadone and fentanyl are missed in instant tests. Sedatives and hypnotic drugs might be missed by the instant tests, too.
False negatives occur often in instant urine tests because cutoff levels are not appropriate or sensitive enough. A trace of illegal substances may be present in someone’s system, yet below the cutoff level, resulting in a negative. A lab-based test is more sensitive and can detect lower substance levels, meaning there are fewer false negatives.
Depending on where you get your instant drug tests — and particularly if you order them from the internet — they may not produce legally admissible results. This means they probably won’t hold up in court should a former or prospective employee pursue legal action against your company due to their termination or failure to get the job.
Learn How to Use Instant Drug Tests
Despite these drawbacks, instant drug tests can be useful in workplace drug testing if you know how to use them correctly. Stay tuned for our next post, in which we’ll explore the how-to on effective instant drug testing.
In the mean time, if you need assistance with your workplace drug testing, ARCpoint Labs of Kansas City North can help. From drug testing needs assessment and policy creation to management training and of course the actual drug collection and testing, we can do it all. To learn more about our drug testing services, call (816) 399-4597 today!